您当前的位置>> 新动力网 > 新动力新概念 > 新概念英语第三册课文 >> 正文

新概念三册第三课课文详解

2014-04-04 11:51           分享到:

 

【Text】
§ Lesson 3 An unknown goddess 无名女神
Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
How did the archaeologists know that the statue was a goddess?

Some time ago,an interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea.An American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini.The city at one time must have been prosperous,for it enjoyed a high level of civilization.Houses--often three
storeys high----were built of stone.They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls.The city was even equipped with a drainage system,for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow   streets.
  The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times. In the most sacred room of the temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found. Each of these represented a goddess and had, at one time, been painted. The body of one statue
was found among remains dating from the fifteenth century B.C. Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved. It was very old and precious even then. When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman. She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hip. She was wearing a full-length skirt which swept the ground. Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed, but, so far,the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.

【课文讲解】
an interesting discovery:强调discovery, 体现发现这个动作被考古学家做出
主动语态难以突出重点 archaeologists made an interesting discovery

英文表达:结果、影响、效果为主语,强调对客观事实的陈述

An American team explored a temple which…
which引导定语从句,修饰限定temple

which stands in an ancient city on…
which = that stand = lie, situate (vt.) locate (vt.)

An American team explored a temple which is located / situated in…
An American team explored a temple which lie in…

stand表示高高坐落于,矗立于
Eg: She stands 1.75m. / A great tree stands on the mount.

The city at one time must have been prosperous,for it…
for引导原因状语从句,对主句的附加说明
because引导原因状语从句,重点突出原因
Eg: The day broke for the birds were singing.

at one time:表达曾经,一度;过去时态的标志, once

must have been 对过去事实肯定的推测

enjoyed a high level of civilization. 享有高度文明

with…
Eg: a young man with broad shoulders / an old lady with black hair

beautifully decorated 过去分词做定语
a beautifully dressed lady衣着漂亮的女士 / a deserted carpark 废弃的停车场
a white painted door 被粉刷成白色的门

现在分词做定语,被修饰词与修饰词之间为;逻辑主动关系
a boy climbing the tree / the students reading in the room

The city was even equipped with… for… were found…
be equipped with 配备,装备
Eg: the car was equipped with air conditioning.

for 引导原因状语从句

beneath the narrow streets / under the narrow streets
prep. beneath = under 正下方
He is standing under / beneath the umbrella.

under:在进行中,under control 控制之中;under discussion 讨论之中;under repairs 修理之中
below:在下方,强调斜下方
Eg: She is sitting below the window.

The temple which…
be used as / be used to be 把…用作为
Eg:The box was used as a desk in the small village school.
The wooden box was used as a bookcase.
The wooden box is used to contain books.

In the most sacred room of…
Each of these represented … been painted.

represent vt. 代表
I represent all the classmates.

The body of one statue was found…
dating 现在分词,修饰remains
the customs dating from 1990

date from 追溯到,从… 开始
The tradition dates from the time when his grandfather was young.

The castle dates from the 14th century.
The castle dates back to the century.

Its missing head happened to be among remains of…
happen to 强调事情的偶然发生
Eg: I happen to have driven that kind of car. 我恰巧开过那种汽车。
He happened to find the ticket in his pocket. 他恰巧在口袋里找到那张票。

句式:It happens that……
Eg: It happnes that I met her on my way to work
    I happened to meet her on my way to work

happen on 巧遇,偶然发现,偶遇
Eg:  I happend on this old picture in the back of the drawer.
     Guess, who I happend on while I was in London last month?

reconstruct: put together, piece together, restore


四个形容词: amazed:very much surprised
surprised astonished amazed astounded 感到惊讶的,语气递增
astonished: much surprised
amazed: very much surprised 惊奇
astounded 非常惊讶,尺愕,惊奇

to find… / to discover… / to realize…
I’m not surprised to see you here.

turn out 表明结果 
turn out ( to be) + n./adj.
Eg: Our party turned out (to be) a success
    the concert turned out to be failure.
It turned out that…………  原来是(表示结果)
that 从句,或其他名词从句,it 作形式主语
Eg: It turned out that the diamond had been in the bank all the time.
    It turned out that his statement was false.

as it turns out 人们后来发现
Eg: As it turns out, there was not need to worry.
As it turns out, the report was mistaken. 人们后来发现,这篇报告被弄错了。

She stood three feet high and her hands rested on th hips.
rest on = depend on, lean on
His hand rested lightly on my shoulder.

which swept the ground进一步说明拖地的,曳地的

despite / in spite of +n. /动名词

It is still a problem for the archaeologists up to now.

so far,up to now 都是完成时的标志

关键字:

新动力课程推荐
课程 开课时间 上课时间 课时 学费 报名咨询
新概念3册4-8人精品班 03月10日 周二、四 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询
新概念3册4-8人精品班 03月23日 周一、三、五 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询
新概念4册4-8人精品班 03月22日 周日 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询
新概念4册4-8人精品班 03月08日 周日 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询
新概念1册4-8人精品班 05月18日 周一、三、五 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询
新概念2册4-8人精品班 05月16日 周六 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询
新概念3册4-8人精品班 05月19日 周二、四 80 2800 立即报名 / 咨询

热报课程

  • 报名新概念3册4-8人精品班
  • 报名新概念3册4-8人精品班
  • 报名新概念4册4-8人精品班
  • 报名新概念4册4-8人精品班
  • 报名新概念1册4-8人精品班
  • 报名新概念2册4-8人精品班
  • 报名新概念3册4-8人精品班