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新概念三册第二课详解

2014-04-04 11:49           分享到:

 

§ Lesson 2 Thirteen equals one 十三等于一

【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
◆equal  v. 等于
◆raise   v. 募集;筹(款)
◆vicar  n. 牧师
◆torchlight  n.电筒光

★equal  v. 等于
A equal B
与 … 相匹敌 None of us can equal her, either in beauty or as a dancer.
eg:Mary is quite equal to John in brains.
be equal to + n: 1. 与…相匹敌
2. 有能力做某事  to- 介词
eg: I am equal to running the company.

★raise  v. 募集;筹(款)
  raise money 筹款
  raise price   提高
  raise a horse饲养
  raise a family 供养
  raise wheet  种植小麦
  raise an army 招募
  raise a shout 发出喊声

★vicar  n. 牧师
★torchlight  n.电筒光

【Text】
§ Lesson 2 Thirteen equals one 十三等于一
Our vicar is always raising money for one cause or another, but he has never managed to get enough money to have the church clock repaired. The big clock which used to strike the hours day and night was damaged many years ago and has been silent ever since.
 One night, however, our vicar woke up with a start: the clock was striking the hours! Looking at his watch, he saw that it was one oclock, but the bell struck thirteen times before it stopped. Armed with a torch, the vicar went up into the clock tower to see what was going on. In the torchlight, he caught sight of a figure whom he immediately recognized as Bill Wilkins, our local grocer.
Whatever are you doing up here Bill ? asked the vicar in surprise.
Im trying to repair the bell, answered Bill. Ive been coming up here night after night for weeks now. You see, I was hoping to give you a surprise.
You certainly did give me a surprise! said the vicar. Youve probably woken up everyone in the village as well. Still, Im glad the bell is working again.
Thats the trouble, vicar, answered Bill. Its working all right, but Im afraid that at one oclock it will strike thirteen times and theres nothing I can do about it.
Well get used to that, Bill, said the vicar. Thirteen is not as good as one, but its better than nothing. Now lets go downstairs and have a cup of tea.

【课文讲解】
现在进行时和always 等频度副词的搭配——表示说话人带有的情感色彩
Tom is always doing homework.
Tom is always does his homework.
He is always making noises.

one or another 表示某种、这样或那样

get enough money 筹集足够的资金来做某事
I have to get enough money to have my house repaired.

have the church clock repaired-----have sth. done 找某人来做某事
have the plane repaired  have hair cut
某人所遭受到的意外某种情况-----主语必须是发出动作的人
His wallet was stolen.  He had his wallet stolen.

used to:过去常常做,而现在不再发生的事情了
He used to smoke every day.

however 用于口语,主要用于句首,作文中,最好用在句中、句尾,要用逗号分隔开来
He said that it was so, he was mistake, however.
or: He said that it was so, however, he was mistake.
I know his story, however, I wouldn’t like to tell you.
I know his story, I, however, wouldn’t like to tell you.
however 可用nevertheless  nonetheless 替换

start: 惊跳、惊奇
Eg: The voice made him start.
What a start you give me.你真吓了我一跳
He stood up with a start.

before …才
Nearly a week past before he could explain what had happen to him.

Armed with a torch…
现在分词和过去分词的用法  looking
分词做状语/定语时,一定要注意它和逻辑主语要呼应一致

In the torchlight

非正式用语中whom可以省略掉

recognized sb as 认出某人是
  regard sb as, think of sb as, treat sb as(把某人对待为), have on sb as(把某人尊敬为)

whatever: ever用来加强语气
night after night 一夜连着一夜
  day after day / year after year / week after week / bus after bus

you certainly did give me…
did 
肯定句中常用do, did, does 加强语气和情感色彩,一定要位于动词原形之前。
Eg: You do like beauty today.

as well用在句尾相当于too, 主要用在肯定句中,但比too所表达的语意更优秀
still用于句首,用逗号分隔开来,表达一个转折的关系。虽然如此,但是

get used to , be used to do, be accustomed to, get accustomed to 都表示习惯于
get强调渐进的过程,be强调习惯了的状态 
Eg: We are used to the cold weather here.
You will get used to the cold weather here.你很快会适应这寒冷的天气的。

【Special difficulties】P20
In
   1.prep 表达惊奇,恐惧,失望或生气等感情色彩的名词搭配连用,在句中起状语的作用
   in surprise in astonishment in alarm in embarrassment in amazement in despair in dismay in anger in disappointment
   2.prep表达以、用: 用于语言,书写材料,色彩或声音等方面
   in English in pencil in ink in a few words in such a high voice in oil in red in code
   3,用于状态、情况或处境
   in trouble in difficulty in bed in a hurry in debt in love with sb in tears in good order in good repair in good health in por health in the bad mood in the good mood in haste in a favor of excitement in poverty in luxury

【Exercise】
Use a phrase with in in place of the words in italics
1  I left home very quickly so as not to miss the train.
2  I suppose I shall finish this eventually.
3  In the early morning there was not a person to be seen.
4  Shall I write with a pen or with apencil?
5  They haven’t many interests which they share.
6  Why is that little girl crying?

key: 1  in a hurry  2  in the end  3  in sight  4  in ink / in pencil  5  in common  6  in tears

【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题
Comprehension 理解
1  The church clock did not work because        .
a  it was too expensive to repair
b  it disturbed the vicar’s sleep
c  Bill Wilkins only worked at night
d  the bell had been out of order for many years
1. D  ∽ was damaged

2  The vicar was surprised to see Bill Wilkins in the clock tower because        .
a. Bill Wilkins had been hoping to surprise him
b. it was an unusual time and place to find him
c. he had expected to find a figure
d. the clock had struck thirteen times
2. B

3  The vicar offered Bill Wilkins a cup of tea because        .
a. he thought that Bill Wilkins was thirsty
b. thanks to him, the clock would now strike once an hour
c. he was grateful for the trouble Bill wilkins had taken
d. he was pleased to have been woken up for nothing
为…表示感谢:be grateful for / be thankful for
不辞辛劳地做某事: take the trouble to do sth.
3. C

Structure
4  In the past the big clock        the hours. (ll 3-4)
a. struck always    b. always struck    c. was always striking    d. has always been striking
In the past 是过去时态的标志; always 用在实义动词之前
4. B

5  It was not until the thirteenth stroke        the bell stopped. (l.7)
a. before    b. when    c. so that  d. that
It was not until…that… 一直到......才......
Eg: It was not until midnight that snow stopped.
5. D

6 The vicar asked Bill      doing in the church tower.(l.10)
a. what was he    b. what he was    c. what he is    d. whatever was he
宾语从句的语序是陈述句语序
6. B

7  ‘I      it all right, but I’m afraid…’(ll15-16)
a. shall mend    b. am mending    c. have mended   d. mended
突出结果或者对现在的影响,现在完成时
7.C

8 ‘We’ll get used to        that, Bill.’(l.17)
a. hearing   b. hear    c. the sound    d. having heard
to 介词,表示习惯于
8. A

Vocabulary
9 Money which is collected for a cause is known as       .(ll.1-2)
a. cash    b. a fund    c. a scholarship   d. an investment
fund 基金 cash 现金  scholarship 奖学金  investment 投资
9. B

10 A grocer is a man who       .
a. runs a shop   b. eats a lot    c. sells bread   d. surprises people
runs a shop 经营商店
10. A

11 ‘I’ve been coming here       for weeks now.’(l.11)
a. every night   b. all night   c. the following night    d. several nights
night after night = every night
11. A

12 ‘        .I’m glad the bell is working again.’ (l.14)
a. Yet     b. Good      c. Just the same   d. Even now
still 尽管如此,依旧,仍然= Just the same
12. C
It’s raining, still I must go out.
still 连接性副词,相当于in spite of that, even though, just the same
yet 但是,然而
I have failed, yet I shall try again.
This picture is not too valuable, still I like it.

 

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