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新概念三册第一课课文解读

2014-04-04 11:48           分享到:

 

【Text】
§ Lesson 1 A puma at large 逃遁的美洲狮
listen to the tape then answer the question below. 听录音, 然后回答以下问题. 
Where must the puma have come from?
Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar. 
The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw a large cat only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of cat-like noises at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

【课文讲解】
at large 
1:逃遁的,没有被控制的。
if a dangerous person or animal is at large, they have escaped from somewhere or have not been caught
e.g:The thief is still at large.
2:详细的(in detail)
I need talk to you at large.
3:总体来讲(=as a whole)
The students at large are hungry for English.

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America.
在英文的表达方式中,首先呈现给读者的是结果。写议论文的时候要注意把握观点
E.g.: Pandas are large cat-like animals which are found in Asia.
cat-like adj.象猫的, 偷偷摸摸的
dog-like adj.象狗的, 顽强的, 忠实的
life-like 栩栩如生的

When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.
一般来讲定语从句和同位语从句紧随在被修饰名词后面,但为了保持句子平衡,也可以把谓语动词放到从句之前
<1>定语从句只是对于被修饰词的补充说明、修饰。
定语从句的引导词:
    指人:主语 who 宾语 who/whom 定语 whose
    表达事物:that(也可指人)/ which
    时间状语:when 地点状语:where 原因状语: why
<2>同位语从句则是讲述被修饰名词的内容
同位语从句的引导词:
名词做主语、宾语时,关系词用that 而不是which
时间 when 地点 where
定语从句中没有what 这个关系词,但它可以引导同位语从句
eg: An idea came to her that she might do the experiment in another way.
I have no idea what has happened to him.
(An idea)…come to sb.某人突然想到了……

they were not taken seriously. (they指代reports)
take sth. seriously==deal with sth. seriously  认真(严肃)对待某事
e.g:I always take your suggestions seriously.
take sth. lightly:   草率对待某事
e.g:Don’t take the hot potato lightly.( hot potato n.困境, 烤马铃薯,棘手的问题)

However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
However adv.然而(起转折作用)  as 连词,随着,当….之时
过去分词做定语
? the descriptions given by people
? the story told by sailor.( sailor n.海员, 水手)
? a book written by Luxun
claim to have done sth声称曾经作过某事  
He claimed to have been the manager of the large shop.

The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw a large cat only five yards away from her.
yard n. 码,院子
where a woman picking 定语从句
--I still remember the school where I studied English.

It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.
confirm: be sure, be certain:vt.确定
unless it is cornered=if it is not cornered(unless conj.如果不, 除非)
He will accept the job unless the salary is too low.

The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening.
search=hunt

Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits.
把某物留在后面:leave behind
Wherever he went, the wound soldier left behind him a trail of blood.伤员所到之处,都留下道道血迹。
(wound n.创伤, 伤口vt.伤, 伤寒 v.击伤)

Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes.
英文的表达方式重点在于突出客观事实,而中文则善于运用动作的执行者
puma fur was found clinging to bushes.(被动)
->We found the puma fur clinging to bushes.(主动)
clinging to bushes-现在分词作宾补

Several people complained of cat-like noises at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.
complain of / about :抱怨
on + 名词:强调动作正在进行
on the rise:在上升/on the increase: 在增加
on the watch: 在观看/on the match:在比赛中
on the fishing trip:在钓鱼的途中/on holiday: 在度假

The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from?
fully: completely, entirely  adv.充分地, 完全地, 足足, 至少

As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.
Sth be in the possession of sb==sth be in sbs possession 某物归某人所有(主语是物)
eg: The beautiful car is in my possession .= The beautiful car is i in the possession of me
sb be in possession of sth.    某人拥有某物
I am in possession of the beautiful car.(in possession of作表语)
The person in possession of the big house is excited.( in possession of作定语)
take possession of  拥有

The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught.
Went on =last 持续,继续前进

It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.
It is disturbing to think that 一想到………就心里不安
eg: It is disturbing to think that I fail my examination.
in the quiet countryside.在宁静的小山村

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